One of the most overlooked allergies is to dust. These small particles exist due to the shedding of skin and materials collecting together. Dust collects where there is not much ventilation and since you likely have a home, you have encountered this allergen. Sufferers often experience the most symptoms inside their own homes or in other people’s homes. You are bound to come in contact with dust eventually, so here are some tips on dust allergy treatment.
Dust Allergy Symptoms
- Coughing, tightness in chest, and wheezing
- Itchy eyes, face and skin
- Runny and stuffy nose
- Mental fog and general weakness
The allergic reaction comes from a trigger in the form of dust mites, cockroaches, mold, pollen and pets. These being allergens themselves, they facilitate an even bigger dust problem. If dust is not managed in the home, sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, wheezing, and itching will be experienced by the inhabitants.
The difficult thing about managing this allergy is the cleaning of dust because the process of cleaning can stir up particles, making them easier to inhale. Oddly enough, symptoms often worsen during or immediately after vacuuming, sweeping, or dusting.
Dust Allergy Treatment
- Remove wall-to-wall carpets, especially in the bedroom.
- Clean dust with a vacuum, wet rag, and mop.
- Keep pets out of the bedroom as they exacerbate the dust problem.
- Minimize humidity in home.
- Use “mite-proof” cases on mattresses and pillows
- Wash linens frequently in hot water.
- If cockroaches are a problem, contact a professional pest service
Air Quality Treatment
- Install a high-efficiency media filter in your furnace and air conditioning unit.
- Invest in a HEPA filter, a preferred method for air purification.(Recommended Here)
- Try a dehumidifier to keep moisture away so that particles don’t stick.
Nasal Wash or Saline Solution
The physically most effective dust allergy treatment is a nasal wash. This will help to soothe the upper respiratory tract by washing away the dust particles, allergens and irritants that can be lodged inside the nasal passage and irritate the nose.
Make a nasal wash at home with a saline solution of a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water and a pinch of baking soda. Sniff or pour the wash into one nostril at a time and allow to drain back through your mouth or nose. Repeat to reduce nasal irritation.
Dust Allergy Medications
If these natural methods of cleaning dust do not improve your allergies, you may see an allergist for additional medication as treatment. You may receive a prescription or OTC medication.
Decongestants and antihistamines are the most common allergy medications. They reduce symptoms of runny nose, itching, and stuffy nose as well as pressure of the sinuses. Medication can work to prevent the release of chemicals that cause allergic reactions. Corticosteroid sprays are also very effective in treating inflammation in your nose. Immunotherapy may also be an option to increase tolerance to a particular allergy, including dust.
Thomas, W. R. (2012). House dust allergy and immunotherapy. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 8(10), 1469–1478. http://doi.org/10.4161/hv.20812